ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) Control for Explosives Applications & Electronics


ESD damage not only directly affects the quality & reliability of your products, but also can impact your company’s reputation and bottom line!  As ESD can occur anywhere from the receiving stage of your operations, to manufacturing, testing, shipping, and field handling of circuit boards & components, it is essential that companies implement effective ESD control programs, including proper ESD control training to minimize the risk of ESD damage. Our class discusses and studies the correct ESD mitigation and control techniques, in order to prevent failures to ESD-sensitive products.  We dynamically involve the students in their learning, enhancing their knowledge about the subject of ESD, as well as helping them to extend a thorough appreciation for ESD control.

In addition, this class will also cover ESD concepts with regards to safely working with explosives applications, including the disciplines that address the safety-critical functions not only to ensure electronic system safety, but also, most importantly, human safety, preventing catastrophic health hazards, injuries, and severe damages.  The target audience for this course includes personnel that are involved in assembling, installing, testing, inspecting, handling, processing, and operating products which include explosive materials, detonators, and rockets, etc. and its associated electronics.  We will discuss and study:

  • What is electrostatic discharge (ESD)?
  • What cause ESD, i.e. ESD models / sources and their importance?
  • What failures can result from ESD?
  • How to prevent product failures from ESD by correct mitigation & control techniques, including training of proper use of ESD control equipment?
  • How to safely work with explosives applications to ensure human safety?


As this class addresses important ESD concepts to safely working with explosives applications, especially the safety-critical functions to ensure human safety, preventing catastrophic health hazards, injuries, and severe damages, it is highly recommended that appropriate personnel attend this COMPLETE class YEARLY to enable them to safely perform their functions.  This class will be continually updated and enhanced annually, to include new valuable concepts / materials, reflecting advanced technologies and ongoing lessons learned.

Class Overview

  • What is static electricity?
  • How is static electricity generated?
  • Why do we care about static electricity?
  • Static Voltage Demonstration
  • Definition - ESD
  • Costs - How & where is your company losing money due to ESD?
  • Triboelectric Charge transfer
  • Triboelectric Series
  • Faraday Cage Demonstration
  • Human Body Model (HBM) - How does this affect the impulse?
  • Human Metal Model (HMM)
  • Machine Model - Metal vs. Non-Metal (MM)
  • Charge Device Model (CDM)
  • Charge Board Model (CBM)
  • Field-Induced Model (FIM)
  • Fischer Model
  • Furniture Model
  • Tracking Your Product Flow - A trained eye to detect ESD upset areas
  • Covering Your Tracks - Procedure to analyze your facility
  • Grounding - Why? Where?
  • Floors - How can floors attribute to ESD? How do you prevent these problems from occurring?
  • Work Surfaces- Surfaces on which the components are being worked.
  • Equipment - Including your test equipment, soldering irons, etc.
  • Personnel - Yes, that's you!
  • Garments - Your clothing.....What is suitable? What is not recommended?
  • Raw Materials - Causing ESD upsets and thus inherent higher costs
  • Packaging Materials - LS Kapton Tapes, Conductive Tapes, Boxes, etc.
  • Bags - Pink Foam & Static-shielding
  • Procedures - What are the best practices which you can apply to save unnecessary costs?
  • Ionization - Glove Box In-Line Ionizers, DC & AC Ionizers, Unpowered - What is it used for? How do you utilize it effectively?
  • "Ground" Definition
  • Types of Grounding
  • Common Point Grounds & Ground Snaps & 3-Foot Rule
  • CPG, AUX Ground, Contrived Ground
  • Correct Measurement of Ground Integrity
    Cable Mate
  • ESD Garments & Clean Room Garments
  • Wrist Straps - How do you test them? How can they assist in ESD control? How can they be harmful?
  • Foot Grounders - How should you use them properly?
  • Static Dissipative Shoes - A right place & a right time for these gears!
  • Smocks - Factors to consider when using & cleaning them
  • Latex, Nitrile Gloves - How can they assist you in ESD control?
  • Finger Cots - The obvious benefits, plus many others, of which you may not have thought...
  • ESD Hand Lotion
  • Touch-Off
  • Anti-Stat Solution
  • Entrance Controls - And your authority to enforce ESD protected areas...!
  • ESDS Symbols
  • Static Dissipative Flooring - Different types to suit your particular needs
  • Insulators & Treatment
  • Paints, Polishes, Strippers - For floors
  • Carpet Sprays - How do they work?
  • Floor Mats - Where are they most effective?
  • Tiles - Commonly found in most factories
  • Mobile Equipment - It also generates ESD!
  • ESD-Safe Chairs
  • ESD Tools
  • Humidity
  • Workstation Features - ESD Workbench Set-Up for ESD-Safe Work Area
  • Control Features - How do you maintain ESD to an appropriately safe level?
  • Review of ANSI 20.20 Tables
  • Catastrophic vs. Latent Failures
  • Monitoring - Continuous Monitors & Various methods
  • Testing - Auditing / Internal Audit Checklist
  • Lessons Learned
  • ESD Mitigation for Electrical Designs
  • Electrical Model Analysis & Classification
  • ESD Mitigation for Bench Workstations
  • ESD Mitigation for Soldering Workstations
  • Effective ESD Mitigation Strategies
  • Explosive Component Handling
  • Working with Composite Frames
  • Working with PCB Boards
  • Liquid Cleaning
  • Radioactive Ionizers & Its Operation for Explosives Work
  • Static Field Meter Operation
  • Electronic Design Tips for ESD Robustness
  • Special Garments for Working with Energetics
  • ESD for Soldering Workstations
  • Lessons Learned from ESD Failures with Explosives
  • Pin-Pin & Pin-Case Discharges
  • EMOC & Potential Gradient Alerts
  • HEI & LEI, Energy Levels, Lead Azide
  • Capacitor Discharge Units
  • Pulse Forming Networks
  • Lightning Protection System
  • UFER Ground, Counterpoise Grounds
  • Grounding vs. Bonding & Exothermic Welding
  • Step Voltage Transient
  • Field Work vs. Lab Work,  Dry & Windy Days & Outdoor Conditions  

Upon successful class completion, the students should be able to:

  • Fully understand ESD, the causes of ESD, and the prevention of ESD failures by applying the proper mitigation & control techniques
  • Safely work with explosives applications while ensuring human safety, preventing catastrophic health hazards, injuries, and severe damages    

Class Details

Tuition: $1,859 per student (plus the appropriate NMGRT if taught in New Mexico), where NMGRT = New Mexico Gross Receipt Tax

Prerequisite: Our Basics of Electricity (DC & AC) classes or equivalent

Target audience: Assemblers, operators, technicians, engineers, maintenance workers and any personnel that are involved in assembling, installing, testing, inspecting, handling, processing, and operating products which include explosive materials, detonators, and rockets, etc. and its associated electronics

Instructor: Jay Skolnik, PE (Professional Licensed Electrical Engineer & ESD Program Manager Certified by ESD Association &  iNARTE ESDC Certified & IPC ESDC Certified Instructor & Active Member of ESD Association & Certified ESD Specialist / Plant Auditor & Certified ESDA TR53 Technician by ESDA & Certified Professional Instructor (CPI) for National Instruments (NI) Multisim & Ultiboard programs)     

Related classes: Basics of Electricity, DC Circuits & AC Circuits

Class length: 1 day

Class size: 15 minimum 

Class time: 8:30 AM to 5 PM (Mountain Time).  There are 10-minute stretch breaks periodically throughout the day.

Class location: Please refer to the emailed registration confirmation that you received from Skolnik Tech upon your completion of class registration.  Thank you.

What to bring: Pen/pencil and paper to take notes

What to wear: Casual, comfortable clothes

Inclement weather:  Should we experience inclement weather at any time during the training period, please check our web site at or call us at (505) 299-1157 early in the morning on the class date prior to start of class for instructions regarding the training schedule for that particular class date.  Thank you.

Various Comments from Past Attendees

"I've had EE's try to explain ESD but it has never sunk in as well as it did today - Very good course!"
Engineer - Sandia National Laboratories

"The demos were great - it's so much easier to learn this way!  Thanks for an excellent class."
Engineer - Sandia National Laboratories

"I learned much more about ESD than I had expected.  This information will be used in my lab."
Technologist - Sandia National Laboratories

"I loved the hands-on demos.  They really helped me to appreciate and to better understand the do's & don'ts in ESD control."
Technician - Los Alamos National Laboratory

"I enjoyed everything about this class - its teaching style, class format, class content, teaching tools & demos.  Thanks very much!"
Technologist - Sandia National Laboratories

"The real life examples are simply invaluable - how not completely understanding the subject can make things worse."
Engineer - Sandia National Laboratories

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